In the United States in 2018, an estimated 10,590 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed among children from birth to 14 years, and about 1,180 children are expected to die from the disease. Although cancer death rates for this age group have declined by 57 percent over the past four decades, cancer remains the leading cause of death from disease among children. The most common types of cancer diagnosed in children ages 0 to 14 years are leukemias, brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors, and lymphomas. The causes of most childhood cancers are not known. About 5 percent of all cancers in children are caused by an inherited mutation (a genetic mutation that can be passed from parents to their children). Most cancers in children, like those in adults, are thought to develop as a result of mutations in genes that lead to uncontrolled cell growth and eventually cancer. In adults, these gene mutations reflect the cumulative effects of aging and long-term exposure to cancer-causing substances. However, identifying potential environmental causes of childhood cancer has been difficult, partly because cancer in children is rare and partly because it is difficult to determine what children might have been exposed to early in their development.
[World Child Cancer Logo]. (n.d.). Retrieved February 4, 2019, from https://www.worldchildcancer.org/news/international-childhood-cancer-awareness-day-voxafrica-uk
Fox, M. (2018, June 29). [Child diagnosed with pediatric cancer]. Retrieved February 4, 2019, from https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/childhood-cancer-rates-highest-northeast-new-cdc-map-shows-n887506
Currently, over thousands of different organizations are continuing to stop pediatric cancer. Along with research being done to identify the best ways to cope with it, childhood cancer survivors are now being put into the stoplight so that people are more aware of what is happening. Certain organizations, from Alex’s Lemonade Stand to the National Pediatric Cancer Foundation, focus on the disease generally to promote awareness towards survivors, and many different events, from bake sales to walks are being done in raising for money for these organizations. Currently, the National Pediatric Cancer Foundation has received over $320,000 in donations, and continues to do so through many of their events. This year, for their senior capstone project, HOSA officers Chloe, Genesis, and Kobi are doing a 5k run to help support the organization and provide funds towards our HOSA chapter. The more successful the run is, the more money they will be able to make to both be raised for our chapter and towards stopping pediatric cancer!! Through events like these, we hope to put an end to childhood cancer immediately!
1. Childhood Cancers. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/types/childhood-cancers